río embudo birds

Learning the Birds of the Río Embudo


Seasons

All-year Residents:
These species are present in this location all year. Individuals breed here in the Summer and spend the Winter here as well.

In some cases, the individuals that are present in the Summer are not necessarily the sames ones that are present in the Winter. Many species are "partial migrants". In these cases, individuals abandon colder, more northern areas. Often, this compression of the species' range results in increases in the local population of that species during the winter.

Summer Residents:
These species are migrants. They breed here in the summer, then migrate further south in the Fall to their wintering grounds. Many spend the winter as far as Mexico and Central America. Some spend the winter in South America.

These species begin arriving in early March. Breeding takes place mainly in late May through July. By August, some are beginning to move south. By the end of September, most of them will be gone.

Winter Visitors:
These species migrate here in the Fall from their breeding grounds further north or at higher altitudes in New Mexico. In the spring, they will leave here and return to their breeding grounds for the summer.

These species begin arriving in Early September. By the end of May, most of them will be gone.

Transients:
These are species that pass through this area, but don't breed here. In the Spring, they are moving north from their wintering grounds enroute to their breeding grounds either further north or higher up in the mountains of New Mexico.

In the Fall, they are passing through on their way back to their wintering grounds. Many spend the winter as far as Mexico and Central America. Some spend the winter in South America.

In the Spring, these species begin arriving in March with the peak of the migration coming around the first week of May. By June, they have all moved on. In the Fall, they begin arriving in August. The migration peaks in September and is essentially finished by the middle of October.

One exception to this timing is the Rufous Hummingbird who, after breeding in the Northwest U.S., arrives in this area the first week of July on its southward Fall migration.


Abundance classes:
Common: Certain to be seen in suitable habitat and proper season.
Less Common: Present and seen regularly, in suitable habitat and proper season.
Uncommon: Present (and seen regularly), but not certain to be seen even in suitable habitat and proper season.
Rare: Unusual, seen only every 2 to 5 years.
Vagrant: Seeing these birds is highly unusual. They are generally out of their normal range.

All species on these lists have been observed on at least one occasion in the Río Embudo area.


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